People all over the world of different age frames, old or young, fall under the attempt to try figure out how the universe was created. There are several myths that can be used to explain their quest to discover how the universe was created; this includes the Biblical myth explaining this from a religious point of view and others discussed in this paper. The paper evaluates the creation of the universe in regard to two mythologies including Hesiods Theogony and that of Ovoids Metamorphosis. It makes a close evaluation of the two myths to come to a conclusion how each of them explains the creation of the universe. This is by pointing out the similarities and differences between them (Hinds, 1987). A myth can be defined as an ancient story that attempts to explain the origins of a natural phenomenon or aspects of human behavior. Still at that, mythology forms a collection of myths or rather the study of myths.
Comparison of Hesiods Theogony and Ovids Metamorphosis
Similarities between Hesiods Theology and Ovids Metamorphosis
Both works are religious in nature. There is a mentioning of gods in each of the myths. In Ovids Metamorphosis, it is said that after the creator separated earth from heaven, Gods and stars filled the heavens and the earth with life. Speaking about the god, the Hesiods Theogony uses this term severally when the writer is trying to give an explanation of the relationship that existed between the sky and the earth; for instance, he gives the earth and the sky the names of gods. This shows that they believed in a supernatural being who is God; thus, the mentioning of God and the beliefs that come with it pertain to religious activities. Secondly, there is quite a firm similarity between the two myths regarding the explanation of how the universe was formed. Both Hesiods Theology and Ovids Metamorphosis myths explain the process of the creation of the Universe by arguing that it appeared as a result of separation of some forces that were earlier in union (Otis, 2010). In Ovids myth, the writer gives an account of the Heaven and the Earth being separated; also, the sea was separated from the sea and lighter air from heavier air, thereof creating the universe. In support of the similarity that existed between the two myths, Hesiod also explains the process of creation as result of separation between the conflicting forces, namely Gaia, which is earth, and Ouranos, meaning the Sky.
Both explanations are very mythical; thus, there is no great distinction between the mythological world and that of the real one. This is exemplified by the elements of the universe such as the Earth and the sky being synonyms to Gaia-gods and Ouranos-gods respectively in Hesiods myth. On the same, Ovid presents this as mythical in nature when he gives an account of the creator separating the Earth and the Heavens, and later on, God giving a man the control of the things He places in the universe. Since God possesses a supernatural power, the explanation qualifies to be of mythical nature. Last but not least, both explanations from a writers points of view claim that man is given or rather has te control over the beings and things in the universe and the universe itself. Ovids points out very clearly that man was created by God to rule the world; this is after God had placed the beings all over the universe. In regard to Hesiods Theology, the creation of the universe and the origin of man is prioritized in that the universe is created first where man comes out of it to continue with its creation as well as have the dominance over those things and beings that existed prior to his appearance (Johnson, 2008).
Differences between Hesiods Theology and Ovids Metamorphosis
Though the two works may be giving an explanation of the same thing, they can seem to be contradictory in one way or another, or rather, there may exist some differences between them as they try to explain the creation of the universe. For one, in Hesiods explanation of the man and his role in the full control of the universe after its creation, there is more of dominance by the male being as pertained to his female counterpart. The woman is viewed as very weak compared to man; therefore, females are not supposed to participate in controlling the beings in the universe. Though the females are depicted to be highly caring and cautious, hence greatly and effectively contributing to the creation of the universe, they have less or no responsibility at all in the universe dominance agenda. On the other hand, Ovids explanation of the relationship that exists between the universe and the man does not point out who, males and the females, have more dominance in terms of the matters pertaining to the universe. Instead, he argues that after the creator made the universe, man was then created to rule the world. Secondly, the separation that led to the creation of the universe was a result of chaos between some forces that were previously in union. This includes the Gaia and the Ouranos gods who after mating, as the writer says, separated for one to take full responsibility of what was his or hers. On the contrary, the separation in Ovids Metamorphosis was not agitated by chaos between any forces, but was as a result of separation by the creator. Ovids Metamorphosis itself does not mentions that the process of universe creation succeeded as a result of unification of male and female forces (Ouranos and Gaia respectively) bringing order to the universe. This is covered in Hesiods Theogony.
Ovids Metamorphosis explains the creation of the universe from a mythical point of view. This is in regard to its mentioning of a supernatural creator, who is God, taking part in the creation process (Wheeler, 1999). The creator was able to distinguish the Earth from the Heavens, the sea from the existing land as well as the light from the existing air. Then he made all the creatures take over and live in these spaces: both Gods and stars settled in the heavens, beasts took the land, fish filled the seas, and birds inhibited the air. In this case, the man was created in order to rule the world. Though the explanation does not fully give a comprehensive fact about the creator, it qualifies to be a myth which tells of a heroic creator who initiated the universe we leave in.
To conclude, the two myths are about the birth of the universe, gods, and man. They also show the origin of man, his position in the universe, creation, and the role played in the nature and the universe creation process. The Hesiods Theogony tells us about the gender dominance that existed during the universe creation process; this is by portraying that male being is extremely stronger and assertive than the female. The extensive mentioning of gods in the two myths shows that the society in which the myths came about was religious in nature. Lastly, it is evident that for the universe creation process to be successful, several separations were to take place. This created order as in the case of Hesiods myth, thus giving a reason for the universe to be created. On the same, the separation explained in Ovids Metamorphosis supports the same idea of the universe creation.