Bjorn Lomborg is a Danish writer, who is famous for his book Cool It: The Skeptical Environmentalist’s Guide to Global Warming. This book was written in 2007. In his book, Bjorn Lomborg makes different claims, and one of them is about the Kyoto Protocol. According to this protocol, industrialized countries have to make the emissions of greenhouse gases fewer.
In order to make the Kyoto Protocol work, the government should spend billions of money on it. In this regard, Bjorn Lomborg expresses his opinion that such a protocol is substantially costly, and there are better ways to spend such amount of money. According to him, this money can be spent on helping people with different diseases, malnutrition, and other problems, which are present worldwide. There are many countries, which signed the Kyoto Protocol, but the USA does not want to ratify this protocol because citizens of America will get a little benefit from it, but the government of the USA should spend a considerable amount of money on it. For the USA, it will be the worst deal.
According to Bjorn Lomborg, the only positive effect of the protocol is that it would help to reduce the global temperature of 0.3 degrees Fahrenheit by the year 2100.
In this sense, this protocol will definitely be the worst deal for the USA, because it requires a substantial amount of money, and as a result, it will harm the American economy creating economic losses and the loss of jobs for American citizens.
The Lomborg’s statement that the protocol will help to reduce the global temperature is the one to agree upon as this was proved to be true by different scientists.
The main idea behind this book is to show readers that there are other problems, except global warming, and these problems are more urgent. Bjorn Lomborg presents the statistics, saying that four million people are dying from malnutrition, and three million people are dying from AIDS. In his book, Bjorn Lomborg says: “We need to remind ourselves that our ultimate goal is not to reduce greenhouse gases or global warming per se but to improve the quality of life and the environment”.
The Danish writer uses the example of polar bears to show that the problem of global warming is not that critical as the public media tells people. It is broadcasted that as the result of global warming, polar bears will have no place to live in, and they will become extinct. However, there is evidence that such suggestions cannot be correct. According to the scientific studies, among twenty subpopulations of polar bears, only one or two were declining, but in the areas, where it was becoming colder, but not hotter.
It is a known fact that global warming represents a problem for society. It is essential to note that such problem cannot be avoided and that it should be taken into account. Global warming can lead to numerous fires in different areas of the planet, provoke problems with health and a decrease in sea levels. Scientists say that problems with health are the following: asthma, infectious diseases, and heatstrokes. Such consequences cannot be ignored, and some actions need to be taken.
However, Bjorn Lomborg also states that malnutrition is a more crucial problem because people are dying from hunger every day. Governments of all countries should take care of their people, provide them with jobs, implement different social programs, spend some amount of money to fight hunger, and engage volunteers to help people with this problem all over the world.
The other claim, which is stated in Cool It, is that Bjorn Lomborg does not agree that warmer temperatures will cause an increase in death rates. According to him, such a change in climate will be positive, because it will lower the number of death rates. According to statistics, there are more people, who die from cold-related diseases, than people, who die as a result of the temperature rise.
In 2003, there was a heatwave, and a lot of people died from it. It was called a “catastrophe of heartbreaking proportions”. However, every year, people die in Europe of cold-related conditions, and the number of people, who die, is much bigger than those who suffered because of the heatwave of 2003. Bjorn Lomborg also speaks about optimal temperatures for different locations and again states the fact that when temperatures in different areas of the world will be warmer, there will be fewer deaths as the result of the temperature. Such cities as Tokyo, London and Philadelphia have adapted to the change of the climate, and there was no collapse as some scientists could proclaim.
It is essential to emphasize the claim made by this Danish writer that the cold weather will definitely cause more deaths than the hot one. There is statistical evidence as proof for it. The cold weather can bring twice as many victims as the hot weather. Thus, only scientists, who are concerned about global warming, make such an alarm. Cold increases different illnesses, and as a result, a substantial amount of people dies from the cold weather. Even in the parts of the world, where the climate is usually warm, there are more deaths caused by the cold weather. From all the abovementioned, one can make the conclusion that the consequences of global warming are exaggerated to a considerable degree.
In the fourth chapter of his book, Bjorn Lomborg makes the claim that nowadays, scientific dialogues became politicized. Scientists want to draw public attention to the problem of global warming, and that is why they use such a method. In such a way, they can also get some funds to fight the problem of global warming. The writer also says that the dramatic statements, which are being made by the scientists, divert the attention from more crucial social problems.
In this sense, it is essential to agree with Bjorn Lomborg that nowadays, scientists use such manipulation as drawing attention to the climatic problems or any other urgent problems by involving politics. However, Bjorn Lomborg says: “When the time comes to commit to the political rhetoric of global warming, support suddenly withers away, because governments know that CO2 cuts will quickly become very expensive and likely be politically dangerous”.
Drawing attention to climatic problems by involving politics is a very smart move, but it is also true that when it comes to actions, politicians will not do anything to help. That is why there is no need to make scientific dialogues politicized, especially when the attention is not paid to social problems.
However, one cannot say that social problems are completely neglected. Numerous programs for the improvement of the well-being of people, who cannot provide themselves with a sufficient amount of food or clothes, are created. Money is collected to help children, who do not have such a possibility to achieve proper education. Social issues occupy a significant place among other problems present in the world, and that is why government officials cannot allow themselves to neglect these issues. They will do everything possible to show the world that they are concerned about people’s well-being and will try to improve the lives of people in different areas of the world.
The fifth claim, to which it is necessary to draw the attention and about which Bjorn Lomborg talks in his book, is that climate policies should be based on doable goals. These goals have to be long-term. In such a way, all nations will see a positive result, and there will not be any halt for developed nations. It is wise to tax CO2 at a level, which is economically correct. This can be 2 dollars per ton, and the maximum price is 14 dollars per ton. With the help of such measures, the improvement of the overall situation will be definitely seen. Bjorn Lomborg says that people should focus less on things, which are technically possible but be realistic.
If everything is done as Lomborg suggests, then the emissions of CO2 will be stopped, but in some time. If a lot of money is spent on climate policy and in an ineffective manner, then the condition of the planet will become worse in 50 years. If the money is spent effectively, such a disaster will not happen. If economic principles are observed for the prioritization of global problems, then the planet will be safe.
It is crucial to emphasize that all statements that are made by the Danish writer are really wise, and scientists should take them into account. If something is done with the implementation of realistic goals, then such ideas or business will be successful. There are many life experiences, which prove this fact. It will be a remarkable benefit if people of the planet are able to enjoy the fresh air (stopping the emissions of CO2 now), but it will bring the economic disaster, and that is why it is a considerably smart move to do as the writer of the book offers.
The book Cool It: The Skeptical Environmentalist’s Guide to Global Warming will be interesting for those people, who are not indifferent to climatic problems and the influence of these problems on the planet. Without any doubt, it can be said that this book is provocative in its nature, and some ambitious goals are set by the writer. Nevertheless, it does not make the book less interesting. On the contrary, this is exactly why it is so interesting.
The book is divided into five parts, and in every part, Bjorn Lomborg does not forget to emphasize the significance of taking other issues more seriously, except for global warming (social problems). He presents excellent examples and gives statistical evidence of the fact that scientists exaggerate the problem of global warming. Such problems as malnutrition and AIDS are paid a lot of attention from the writer. He gives readers the numbers of victims, who die every day from hunger or various diseases, trying to attract public attention to such horrible and very urgent problems.
This book is a good beginning for the change of the climate debate between scientists. In his book, Bjorn Lomborg uses such an expression as “cool the rhetoric”, which means that radical solutions will not help anyone; scientists should have relevant and measured discussions about the problem of global warming.
Bjorn Lomborg’s book represents a real treasure for readers because with this book no one will be fooled. This book deals only with real problems, and the author sees the globe as a whole and does not single out only one issue for discussion. He points out that all problems are critical, and they should not be neglected. If someone wants to get to know some new, interesting and valuable information, this book will definitely be of use to such a person.