Category: Psychology
Alcohol Abuse Psychology Essay

Most people regard the use of alcohol as a personal choice although its abuse becomes a collective concern. Typically, the effects of alcohol abuse are malevolent and pervasive. Whereas the abuser of alcoholic drinks often endangers his or her life by indulging in the perilous act as they cause untold damage to their health, the special effects also usually extend to those around them, such as close family members, neighbors, and friends together with workmates. Alcohol abuse is a pattern developed and perpetuated by typically heavy drinkers of liquor irrespective of the repercussions. Misuse of alcohol especially among college students has become a widespread public concern. Ostensibly, abusers do not necessarily drink consistently, but they would subject themselves to jeopardy whenever they drink. Sometimes they drink excessively to the extent that they plunge into problems such as alcohol poisoning or reach a level of addiction. This research investigates various signs and symptoms of alcohol abuse, effects of abuse, and the habit of mixing alcohol together with drugs. Finally, the research delves in establishing distinct methods by which alcohol abuse can be treated. 

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Signs and Symptoms

Abusers of alcohol abuse never exhibit similar symptoms. More often than not, the nature of symptoms may depend on several aspects, such as the victim’s background as well as the medical history. The common signs and symptoms that indicate this problem among college students entail dwindled participation in extramural accomplishments such as games and sports, besides showing little or no interest in academic work. Some of them would suffer depression and become withdrawn from family members or friends. Occasionally, these victims will demonstrate erratic behavior like being violent to others and failing to control themselves. Research generates several findings that form the basis of study regarding the comprehensive signs and symptoms of alcohol addiction. Among the plausible results are symptoms of dual diagnosis as commonly observed from the victims of alcohol abuse, and which resemble those of mental illnesses (Marsico, 2014).According to numerous authors on the subject of drug and substance abuse, alcohol addicts often exhibit dissimilar symptoms of psychosis or mental disorder while fully drunk. Among the universally observed traits are hallucinations. This is a situation where a victim perceives various images that are impractical and imperceptible to normal healthy and sober people. Hallucinations often compel the addicts to behave oddly by engaging and interacting with imaginary objects and beings. This case is what usually makes them speak endlessly and aimlessly while acting in a funny and sometimes outrageous manner. Besides, the addicts of alcohol also behave aggressively in certain cases. There are those who become violent to people as well as to animals around them, while others may end up doing acts that may be detrimental to themselves. Aggression is usually triggered by mental anguish, perhaps due to some psychological problems, stress or acute ailments that are associated with excessive drinking.

Effects of Alcohol Abuse

The habit of drinking is always accompanied by several outcomes to the abuser and those around them. Effects of alcohol abuse can be categorized under short-term, long-term and other concerns.

Short-Term Effects

Soon after drinking, abusers are most likely to experience slurred speech, nausea, headaches vomiting, and impaired judgment among others. These outcomes are usually assumed by drinkers as they last for a short time then the person regains sobriety. It is always at such a stage that people develop a craving for more and more alcohol. There is no therapy required to counter such effects as they are always mild.

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Long-Term Effects

Nevertheless, as the victim perpetuates the habit of drinking, he or she starts experiencing occasional blackouts and memory loss. There is a high likelihood of the abuser developing liver diseases such as cirrhosis and deficiency in thiamine. These ailments no doubt exert considerable pressure to the victim and his acquaintances in various ways. The victim will have to spend a colossal amount of money to mitigate the effects of the ailments to his body (Nelson & Trussler, 2015). This situation will also inflate the family budget and cause inconveniences to other family necessities. In the worst cases, the victim ends up bedridden or even dies following the chronic condition of the ailments. The death of an alcoholic is not a loss to his or her family alone but the society and the republic. Children will become orphans if the victim was a parent, and women too will become widows and men widowers in case the addict may have been a spouse (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (U.S.), United States. National Library of Medicine (U.S.) & National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2014. Places of work also lose their experts in various departments, and the government will lose the workforce. Contemplating the magnitude of loss accompanied by alcoholism, one will not dare to resort to this habit in the name of having fun or nursing frustrations.

Other Concerns

Besides these effects, some alcohol abusers end up in a sharp risk of contracting certain cancerous ailments. If unlucky, some will have brain damage or obstruction of their immune system, which will be highly detrimental to their health status. Besides, abuse of alcohol has several legal implications. The people who excessively drink alcohol usually do not only put their lives at a brink in certain ways but also occasionally find themselves on the wrong side of the law. Many countries have enacted numerous laws, which prohibit the irresponsible drinking of alcohol as a way averting imminent risks that are coupled with this erroneous practice. Some of the legal implications of alcohol abuse involve bearing of fines that are imposed on the addict by the law enforcement agencies (Carpenter, Blackburn, & Egerton, 2014). These could be effected the time one is caught driving under the influence of alcohol; as prohibited by the DUI laws by all the states. Accordingly, the law provides that the driving licenses of drunk drivers be confiscated for one year and only reinstated at a fee set by each state. Finally, the law requires that persons caught driving while under the influence of alcohol to participate in DWI clinics for a specified period and at a cost. In case a culprit is a minor, he or she risks losing insurance and the penalty will consequently be higher than that imposed to an adult.

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Mixing Alcohol and Drugs

Sometimes symptoms and effects of alcohol abuse never occur in isolation.

A myriad of abusers intentionally combines alcohol with some drugs. This habit is often made to compound the individual effects of both substances to attain a better state of intoxication. Nonetheless, what these abusers do not account for is the synergistic and addictive influence on the various adverse effects of alcohol and drugs. In fact, serious alcohol addicts usually develop the urge for more drugs and substances as they could not stay sober or depend solely on alcohol alone. This situation is always aroused by the addict’s feeling of tranquility or sedateness, which arises from the use of certain substances (Agnew, 2014). Some of the drugs that are abused alongside alcohol to induce this feeling are Cannabis sativa or marijuana, cocaine, and heroin among others. Once the abuser gets used to these drugs, he or she develops a craving feeling that always forces them to have unquenchable thirst for the drug. The more the addict gets addicted to the substance, the harder it becomes to salvage them. Subsequently, these addicts become poor decision makers and reckless spenders of their hard earned finances just to sustain their addiction. Others may indulge in more risky practices such as illicit sex where they may contract sexually transmitted infections for failure to embrace protection. In fact, a majority of addicts have often been pronounced dead in mysterious circumstances due to some of these traits.

Alcohol Abuse Treatment

There are several therapeutic options to consider in case an alcohol abuser wishes to overcome the problem of addiction. These alternatives entail seeking help through healing sessions in rehabilitation centers. The rehabs are designed to aid addicts of alcohol through many ways of quitting the vice and reconstructing their lives once more. During treatment, alcoholics are guided through detoxification, where alcohol is removed from the body. It also involves elimination of any corporeal dependency to alcoholic drinks. Alcohol abuse treatment is sometimes highly advocated when an addict has been in oblivion for a prolonged period to the extent that they cannot easily be salvaged. It, therefore, takes extra effort for the medics to establish the actual problem of such a victim before deciding the necessary medical action to recommend for them (Lewis, Tamparo, Tatro, & R2 Library 2012). In most cases, the treatment may require just more than medical attention. This situation occurs in cases where the real causes of dual diagnosis may have been variant. There are many issues that result from the existence of victims of alcohol and drug abuse as well as the mentally ill. Other than those being incapacitated in several ways, their conditions also affect to a large degree the extended families, the society, and the nation. Similarly, the addicts of alcohol can be regulated through the rehabilitation centers until such a time when they would have ceased dependence on alcohol. The only possible thing with the alcoholic is mental treatment, which usually takes a short time and is inexpensive. The problem is that real addicts may sometimes sneak back to the habit perpetuating the damage to their brains secretly even without the knowledge of their caregivers.


Abuse of alcohol is a habit, which can be averted in the contemporary society through concerted efforts. Many individuals, particularly college students need knowledge and awareness regarding the information as mentioned earlier to circumvent the vice. Alcoholism has previously been considered to inflict terrible expressive and corporeal toll on addicts, their relations. Recent findings and probable animal surveys have prompted a beam of hope expounding on the likelihood of the modern category of drugs to produce the cure for certain ailments without imposing spontaneous repercussions that are caused by contemporary therapies.

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