Aug 2, 2019 in Medicine

Psychotropic drugs are described by the World Health Organization (WHO) as those impacting the central nervous system and include anti-anxiety treatment, antipsychotic drugs, and antidepressant treatments. All such medications are likely to have side effects. This paper will examine the psychopharmacological consequences of some treatments, the psychological conditions for their use, the benefits and disadvantages of the employment of psychotropic drugs.

Psychotropic medication is prescribed to treat mental illnesses, change behavior and prevent alterations in mood. It is frequently used with other treatments such as counseling so that it can help manage the signs of mental illnesses. Something important to note about psychotropic medications is that it does not cure mental illnesses, but rather treat their signs by making chemical changes in the brain. For instance, anti-depressants such as Zoloft, Paxil and Prozac are psychotropic drugs prescribed to vary the brain's mood and feeling focuses. These kinds of anti-depressants reduce feelings and behaviors that more often go together with the impression. At the same time, psychotropic drugs such as Zoloft, Paxil, and Prozac are contentious because they have been related to causing aggressive behavior or dangerous deliberations.

Given that psychotropic medications act in response to brain chemistry and modify emotions, behaviors, and thoughts, the results may differ greatly from one individual to another. Consequently, any psychotropic drugs should be prescribed by a well-trained medical specialist who will be able to monitor their impact on patients. Just like any other drugs, psychotropic medications also have side effects, such as aggression, blurred vision, impression, decreased sexual drive, epidemics, and weight gain. It is recommended that all patients be informed and educated about all side effects of psychotropic drugs before they start the medication. The reason for this lies in the fact that side effects from these drugs can be very dangerous and have very hazardous interactions. In order for a medication to prove its usefulness, it has to be given in the right amount and prescribed cautiously for each patient. Psychotropic drugs can be classified in several ways: by chemical construction, how they function in the brain, how they are most usually used in therapy or their medicinal action.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most general disorder among children. It is hard for someone to notice that a child is suffering from ADHA but there are some symptoms that indicate that the child is sick, and they include impulsivity, hyperactivity, and incapability of paying attention or controlling behavior. The symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are treated by medicines that are categorized as stimulants. Stimulants are supposed to enlarge the level of a brain chemical which is known as dopamine and related to movement, attention, and pleasure. The most common side effect that is related to stimulant drugs includes sleeping disorder and lack or decrease of appetite. In some cases, non-stimulant drugs are added to help limit the symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The medical risks of drugs commonly used to treat children with ADHD were examined with the help of published research and results from scientists, pediatricians, physicians, and other health care specialists, in addition to alternative treatments for the sickness. The drugs and therapies for children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

The number of psychotropic drugs has increased greatly in the current years. Medications are used to treat some conditions such as Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), social anxiety and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The majority of psychiatrists currently prescribe drugs in combination with psychotherapy in order to deal with the symptoms of mental illness and treat the primary disease. The therapy of mental sickness symptoms, mood disorder, and even incapability to focus the attention retain medicine substances that have an emotion-altering impact on the brain.

Medications meant to modify brain chemistry are grouped into one category under one name of psychopharmacology drugs. Psychopharmacology drugs fall into slack categories grounded in the harmony of how they function in one’s body or their main effect on the nervous system. The main reason for such classification is because some drugs used in psychiatric care have different effects in various areas of the body. Each of the drugs that fall into these areas can influence or affect the chemistry within the brain. The common groupings of psychopharmacology drugs include antianxiety agents, antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, and psychostimulants.

Antianxiety agents are the psychoactive medication that is prescribed all over the world. Antianxiety drugs are very useful in treating symptoms that go together with anxiety sicknesses and they are found to be used in combination with other forms of therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral treatment. The use of anxiolytics is aimed at helping reduce the symptoms so that treatments focused on causation may progress. The most important idea in the treatment of mood, memory or reasoning function is the individualization of care, i.e. selection from the best pharmacologic mediator for that patient is required.

Antipsychotic drugs, which have been around for many years, influence many neurotransmitter organisms. Despite the fact that most frequently they are thought to be the treatment for symptoms of schizophrenia, they have an effect on other forms of psychosis regardless of the cause. A contingent of the distinct antipsychotics can be useful for manic affairs, delirium and agitation as intensification therapy for other psychiatric circumstances. In general, all antipsychotics are effective in the same way when given at a sufficient dose for an adequate length of time. People must be aware that these are very effective psychopharmaceuticals, and there will be a wide range of erraticism in distinct client reply and sensitivity to undesirable adverse drugs effects. For natural determination, it means that the uppermost considerations in the selection of antipsychotic agents to use in the treatment are a foregoing experience that the patient has had with antipsychotics, an experience that a close family member has had with antipsychotics, and side effect profile of distinct antipsychotic agents.

Mood stabilizers are drugs that bumper the dramatic demonstrative rollercoaster ride that often goes together with bipolar affective illness. The word “mood stabilizer” implies drugs that ease the concentration or the incidence of manic, hypomanic, depressive or mixed affairs in patients with bipolar affective illness. Mood stabilizers are the backbone treatment for serious mania. They are used to persuade remission in people experiencing signs of hypomania, manic episodes, and needing assistance in stabilizing mood fluctuate cycles to a range that would be normal for that specific individual. Psychostimulants affect the dopaminergic and noradrenergic neurotransmitter systems, triggering the release of catecholamine from storing sites at the central nervous system (CNS) synapses. Psychostimulants ease the feelings of exhaustion, promote vigilance and wakefulness, enhance the ability to distillate and have workable mood for improving possessions. In modern psychiatric system, mood stabilizers use is mainly limited to attention deficit and sleep disruption disorders, such as narcolepsy.

Psychopharmacological drugs have advantages; one of them is that medication provides speedy relief from symptoms that occur infrequently or in cases when the patient is in instantaneous physical risk. Most of the illnesses do not respond to the treatment and can only be eliminated pharmacologically. Another benefit of the psychopharmacological medication is that drugs are cheaper and less time-consuming than treatment. Moreover, drugs act and influence a person regardless of the patient’s approach. Therefore, the patient gets better without facing hard personal issues he or she would ignore to a certain extent.

Despite the advantages, psychopharmacological drugs also have some disadvantages. Firstly, psychiatric drugs can have a nasty or dangerous side effect. Secondly, many drugs are useless in the long term if taken frequently. Psychiatric drugs can also cause brain impairment, and they can also worsen creativity, sympathy and thinking processes. Other disadvantages of psychopharmacology drugs include the patients being sometimes treated against their desire to control unwanted and awkward behavior. Also, children are given treatment before they can understand the risks and benefits, and make a reasonable decision for themselves. Moreover, stimulants and benzodiazepines can be addictive. Therefore, psychotropic drugs are most useful when applied according to prescribed measures.


In conclusion, psychopharmaceuticals are valuable tools in the treatment of mental diseases. Psychiatric drugs help control symptoms, and they are the most beneficial adjunct to other forms of treatment. The use of prescribed drugs modifies brain chemistry and tasking, seeking the transparency of thought and concentration. The occurrence of these obliging and therapeutic drugs creates the need for responsiveness among health experts concerning the essentials related to psychoactive pharmacology, the treatments for the mind.

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