Exchange of personal sexual services for a variety of economic benefits has a long history. Prostitution is usually regarded as a voluntary or forced act of providing sexual services to individuals in exchange for different services including goods and money. Throughout the world, the prostitution practices that greatly vary from country to country produce approximately one hundred billion dollars in annual revenue. Despite the fact that prostitution is considered to be a legal practice in some countries, there are just a few, where prostitution is regarded as a serious crime, punishable by death. Nowadays, prostitution is deemed illegal in the USA. The exception is made only in some counties of the Nevada State. While some individuals indicate many negative aspects of legalized prostitution, other people believe that the legalization of prostitution will bring significant benefits. Proponents believe that prostitution is a victimless crime, and its legalization will help millions of people climb out of poverty, decrease criminal acts, raise tax revenues, improve health, take prostitutes away from the streets, and make one’s right choice by mutual consent.
People, who favor the legalization of prostitution claim that this harmless activity should not be deemed a crime. Many people assert that the criminalization of prostitution only aggravates the entire practice leading to the spread of various diseases. If prostitution is legal, it will guarantee better testing for each prostitute and promote better working conditions. Individuals, who support legalization, do not see anything immoral in sex. Many also believe that criminalizing prostitution will only bring poor working conditions and discrimination to sex providers and clients. The present-day laws do not stop prostitutes from providing their sexual services. However, it only makes them more prone to violence while working. In addition, many people think that if females participate in it on their free will in a legal way, the likelihood of sex slavery and teenage prostitution will diminish.
In recent decades, the serious crime of human trafficking has cut across the issue of prostitution. Internationally, millions of women and girls are subjected to exploitation and sex trafficking. They are perceived as innocent victims. Discarded women and girls in the USA continue to experience abuses, poverty, and sexual victimization endured by individuals, who are trafficked overseas. Young people are kidnapped, and they can be deceived by pimps into a life of prostitution. While there is strict punishment for trafficking of illicit drugs, girls and women in the U.S. can be sold or bought with impunity. Vulnerable women, not the males, ultimately bear criminal responsibility.
Prostitution remains one of the leading reasons for women’s involvement in the criminal justice system. Unlike the international non-profit organizations established to rescue and provide assistance to the victims of sex trafficking, there are just a few trauma-based and Safe Haven Programs developed in the United States. There is a great public outcry against sex trade in European, Asian and African countries. However, American women suffer as innocent victims of sexual violence. The men who purchase and traffic females and minors are the real criminals, who should be charged with the felony of unnatural carnal copulation. Nowadays, millions of people are picked up by sex traders and forced into prostitution. Most of them try to escape forced prostitution, leaving their shame behind. The majority has found the right way and fixed their lives.
In addition, abuses among police officers towards prostitutes are also widespread. Females, who escape prostitution, usually report about providing sexual favors to policemen trying to avoid detention and harassment.
For many decades, AIDS has been killing millions of people around the world. It is estimated that those, who had the disease, afterward died from it. Females, who work in the sex industry, continue to face a great burden of HIV. There is a great likelihood for sex workers (almost fifty-four times) to get HIV during a lifetime in comparison with women from the general population. Prostitutes in the countries, where the sex industry is illegal cannot get any protection. No one regulates and enforces safe practices in this industry. All countries that have concerns about AIDS should legalize the sex industry and provide necessary regulations to make sure that each sex worker uses safe practice. It is important for each country to diminish the social stigma around sexual services as a way to struggle with the spread of deadly diseases.
In fact, all prohibitions prevent regulating an issue in an effective way. If prostitution is legalized, authorities can impose various regulations, including the mandatory use of condoms, which government can also provide, general enforcement of safe sex and regular blood testing for detecting HIV. If prostitution remains the illegal practice, there was a too strong denial of the existence of prostitutes and brothels. If they exist illegally, it becomes the responsibility of authorities to get rid of them instead of ensuring their safeness. Moreover, these forms of regulations generate self-regulation. Prostitutes and brothels that are in safety have direct incentives to report those individuals, who are not. It will reduce competition and help gain good reputation being a safe option. If prostitution remains illegal, nobody will try to report.
From a fundamental viewpoint, the main forms of government recognize the conception of human rights within the legal system. The human right to self-sovereignty exists at the primary level reflecting the notion that people have ownership over their bodies. Laws that prohibit prostitution are considerably targeting millions of females, depriving them of self-sovereignty. Therefore, it creates an unequal level of oppression and unjust treatment that are enforced by authorities.
While disputing about the legality of prostitution, it is necessary to separate genuine negative aspects of prostitution from the negatives that the prohibition caused. If prostitution is legalized, the public will not only reduce the problem but also create a safer environment for sex workers. Through the legalization of prostitution, society will be able to resolve other issues concerning the safety of the clients and prostitutes. Nowadays, most sex workers provide their sexual services in a hazardous working environment. They continue to work with abusive pimps who beat them and sell to the clients without even knowing whether they have sexually transmitted diseases. Certainly, authorities cannot regulate illegal activities, so the country has to legalize prostitution and regulate it for sex workers as well as other individuals to be able to experience the advantages of safe work. If pimps are abusive, it will be difficult for the sex workers to report violence under illegality without fear and threats that only allows the issue to persist. Legalization of prostitution adds The great potential for important regulations making work environment much safer for clients and those who provide sexual services. Moreover, regulations ensure awareness and control of sexually transmitted diseases.
Today, prostitution represents a significant economic and political cost to communities. Police spend its efforts to catch sex workers while no tax revenues are being brought from this industry. If the government legalized prostitution, police officers would not spend their efforts on stopping it. It would help to remove that cost; each prostitute would pay taxes, adding significant benefits, since tax revenues could go toward healthcare and education. From an economic vision, legalized prostitution is profitable.
Prostitution is considered a victimless crime as it has no victims. Someone offers sexual services and gets money for it. Prostitutes accept to have sex and then go different ways. Prostitution is a voluntary activity. It hurts and harms no third parties unless one does not inform the other person of the sexually transmitted diseases. All the issues and controversies can be resolved if prostitution is legalized and regulated. Nobody can be a victim in this case. Asserting that customers or sex workers are victims indicates that they cannot make the right decision for themselves over their own bodies. The main harm that prostitution causes can be resolved by its legalizing. It seems obvious that ordinary people and authorities must stop punishing those individuals, who are involved in the sex industry. Therefore, prostitution should get their legal status.
It is clear that prostitution should be legalized as soon as possible. If prostitution is legal, people will have the possibility to regulate it. Therefore, legalization helps reduce pimps’ violence against prostitutes, rape of prostitutes, and decrease the spread of serious sexually transmitted diseases. It means that every woman will be able to have ownership of her body, rather than following the egoistic position of disconnected policymakers. It indicates that no one will force women with low skills to work for minimum wage. Millions of females will have an available option. Consequently, prostitution as a victimless crime will not be punished. Significant extra tax revenues will be spent on education, culture, science, or health care, not only bringing economic benefits to the government. Undoubtedly, there is a minor likelihood to win this battle, but everything can be lost if keeping prostitution illegal.